My-LocalAgenda


RMK-10 ,Perlu lebih Penekanan Masalah Sosial.
15 Jun, 2010, 11:07 am
Filed under: dari kaca mata local

Sumber : Berita Harian (Hairan ) : Tarikh : 10/6/2010 : Karangan : Rejal Arbee .

Tajuk artikel : RMK-10 ,DI HARAP BERI PENEKANAN MASALAH SOSIAL

Beberapa point / stat menarik , yang perlu di ambil kira .

1. RMK-9 , tidak menekankan isu akhlak dan moral , dalam misi/visinya (apatah lagi isu alam sekitar ). Ia lebih menjurus kepada pembangunan fizikal , dengan lima teras utamanya , iaitu :

a. meningkatkan nilai tambah dalam ekonomi
b. meningkatkan keupayaan pengetahuan dan inovasi
c. menangani ketidaksamaan sosioekonomi kumpulan etnik dengan memberi penekanan kepada ‘pertumbuhan dengan pengagihan’
d. meningkatkan tahap dan kemampuan kualiti hidup
e . peningkatkan sistem penyampaian perkhidamatan awam.

Adakah misi ini yang menjadi padah ? Rakyat menjadi begitu terikut dan ghairah dengan arah ‘ pembangunan’ bagi mencapai kehidupan lebih selesa , terutamanya yang tinggal di bandar; seterusnya meminggir institusi keluarga serta penyelengaraan anak-anak.

Mengenai masalah akhlak/ sosial dan moral , statistik yang di beri oleh seorang Pensyarah Program Kerja Sosial, Pusat Pengajian Psikologi dan Pembanngunan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, UKM ini amat menggemparkan. Menurut beliau , Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara ,JPN telah:

a. Mengeluarkan lebih 257,000 sijil kelahiran tidak ber-‘BAPA’ dalam tempoh 2000- Julai 2008.
b. Dengan data ini , secara puratanya , 2,500 kes anak luar nikah setiap bulan , bersamaan dengan 84 kes setiap hari.

Menurut stat dari 1999-2003 , daripada 70,430 anak luar nikah yang di daftarkan ;

a. seramai 30,978 adalah beragama islam ,
b. 18,085 , adalah hindu
c . 17,236 adalah Buddha , dan
d . 3,395 adalah Kristian.

Anak Luar Nikah , berbangsa Melayu ;

a . 2009 , seramai 17,303
b . 2008 , 16,541
c . 2007 , 16,100

Untuk renungan dan tindakan (?) bersama. Apa kaitan data-data ini dengan bentuk pemerintahan ?

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10th MP -Key Points
10 Jun, 2010, 3:23 pm
Filed under: dari kaca mata local, ekonomi

To be reviewed soon.

Business
Key points of 10th Malaysia Plan
KUALA LUMPUR, June 10 — Following are the key points of the 10th Malaysia Plan (2011-2015) released today:

THRUST

•Charting development for a high income nation

•6 per cent growth target

•Per capita income to increase to RM38,845 (US$12,139) by 2015

•Creating private sector-led economy

•Supporting innovation-led growth

•Full employment

•Restructuring of subsidies

ALLOCATION

•RM230 billion: 60 per cent physical development; 40 per cent non-physical development

•Sector allocation: economic 55 per cent, social 30 per cent, security 10 per cent, general administration 5 per cent

CHARTING DEVELOPMENT FOR A HIGH INCOME NATION

10 big ideas

•Internally driven, externally aware

•Leveraging on diversity internationally

•Transforming to high-income through specialisation

•Unleashing productivity-led growth and innovation

•Nurturing, attracting and retaining top talent

•Ensuring quality of opportunities and safeguarding the vulnerable

•Concentrated growth, inclusive development

•Supporting effective and smart partnerships

•Valuing environment endowments

•Government as a competitive corporation

12 National Key Economic Areas

•Oil and gas

•Palm oil and related-products

•Financial services

•Wholesale and retail

•Tourism

•Information and communications technology

•Education

•Electrical and electronic

•Business services

•Private healthcare

•Agriculture

ATTRACTING TALENT

•Talent Corporation to be set under PM’s Department in 2011 to source global top talent including among Malaysian diaspora

•Simplify hiring of foreign talent

•Flexibility for foreign talent to change jobs

•Spouses of foreign talent to take up employment

•Exemption for foreign talent to bring in foreign domestic help

•No time limit on employment visa of skilled foreign talent earning more than RM8,000 per month

•Open visas to be issued to highly-skilled foreign professionals

•Highly-skilled foreign professionals allowed to purchase houses costing RM250,000 and above

•National Talent Blueprint by 2011 to identify talent needs of priority economic sectors

ENHANCING BUMIPUTERA ECONOMIC PARTICIPATION

•30 per cent target Bumiputera corporate equity remains

•Develop a Bumiputera commercial and industrial community

•Create stronger and more competitive industry champions

•Broadening wealth ownership to ensure sustainability

•Promoting Bumiputera representation in high-paying jobs through enhanced capability building and demand-side incentives

EMPLOYMENT

•To grow at 2.4 per cent yearly to create 1.4 million jobs mostly in services sector

•Employment to reach 13.2 million jobs in 2015

•Full employment status with unemployment rate of 3.1 per cent in 2015

RAISING EMPLOYABILITY

•Standardised and recognition of Technical Education and Vocational Training (TEVT) by Malaysian Skills Certificate

•RM150 million to train 20,000 school dropouts

•RM7.5 million to train coaches, instructors and facilitators

•Strengthening performance culture in universities

REFORMING LABOUR MARKET

•More flexible labour market

•Upgrade skills of existing workforce

•Enhance Malaysia’s ability to attract and retain top talent

•RM80 million for Relief Fund for Loss of Employment from 2010 to 2012 to provide assistance to workers retrenched without compensation

•Part-Time Work Regulations under Employment Act 1955 to be introduced to tap workforce from amongst housewives, retirees and disabled persons

•Increase female labour force from 46 per cent in 2010 to 55 per cent in 2015

•RM500 million each to provide loans to workers and school leavers for training and skills upgrading

•RM50 million to continue the matching grants for training and skills upgrading of small and medium enterprise employees

•RM50 million to fund apprenticeships involving more than 8,000 students

•RM50 million to co-sponsor employees to obtain industrial PhDs

•RM350 million allocated to continue programme of partial financial assistance for PhDs in local universities started in 2009

INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT GROWTH/PRODUCTIVITY

•Broadband penetration of 75 per cent by 2015

•RM2.7 billion to build roads and rails leading to key ports and airports to improve trade efficiency and logistics systems

•Energy security through development of alternative sources i.e. hydro, coal and liquefied natural gas by 2015

INCLUSIVE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

•Elevate livelihoods of 40 per cent of households

•Ensure Bumiputera economic participation

•Reduce poverty from 3.8 per cent in 2009 to 2 per cent in 2015

•Raise average monthly income of bottom 40 per cent of households from RM1,440 in 2009 to RM2,300 in 2015

•Increase percentage of SPM qualification and above in bottom 40 per cent of households from 30 per cent in 2009 to 45 per cent in 2015

•Education assistance for children from bottom 40 per cent of households

SOCIAL SAFETY NET

•Housing assistance for rural poor

•Affordable housing and low-cost housing expanded for urban/semi-urban poor

•Income support for eligible groups within 40 per cent of households when subsidies are restructured

•Income support for disabled old and single mothers

•Encourage GLCs to tailor CSR programmes to target the needy

•1 Malaysia clinics expanded to urban poor and other underserved areas

SPECIAL TARGET GROUPS

•Halve poverty among Orang Asli communities in Peninsular Malaysia to 25 per cent in 2015

•Reduce poverty among Sabah ethnic minorities from 22.8 per cent to 12 per cent and Sarawak ethnic minorities from 6.4 per cent to 3 per cent

•Financial assistance to Chinese new villages to renew land lease, upgrade homes and fund business

•Improve access to basic amenities in estates and re-skilling programmes for displayed estate workers

BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE

•6,312km of new roads in Peninsular Malaysia, 2,540km in Sabah and 2,819km in Sarawak to benefit 3.3 million people nationwide

•Clean water to 99 per cent rural households in Peninsular Malaysia, 98 per cent in Sabah and 95 per cent in Sarawak

•Electricity for rural areas almost 100 per cent in Peninsular Malaysia and 99 per cent in Sabah and Sarawak

•At least one 1 Malaysia telecentre in every sub-district (mukim) to promote broadband

BUILDING A PROGRESSIVE AND MORE INCLUSIVE SOCIETY

•Empowering women a key agenda by increasing numbers in decision making, labour force, support for widows, single mothers and low-income women

•Eliminating all forms of discrimination against women

•Youth development programmes to create generation of forward-looking, academic driven and career achievement generation

•National Youth Skills Institute (IKBN) skills courses to be expanded to offer greater options and also soft skills and leadership training

•Number of youth associations to increase from 5,000 to 11,500

•Protection of children to be enhanced through quality childcare services and enhanced rehabilitation centres and child welfare homes

•Community awareness programmes to protect children’s interest

•Police screening for child carers to address issues of abuse

•Alert system similar to USAmber Alert bulletin for lost/missing children

•Emphasis on health and well-being of older persons to live dignified and fullfilling lives

•100 per cent tax rebate on costs to retrain older persons

•Database under Jobs Malaysia for older persons will be promoted to increase greater awareness for those looking for jobs

•Daycare centres for older persons to be expanded

•Government to actively pursue 1 per cent employment for persons with disabilities in civil service

•Government to look into establishing specialised learning institutions and vocational schools for persons with disabilities

EDUCATION SYSTEM

•Revamp education system to focus on implementation and delivery capability

•Reinforce importance of values and ethics in education system

•181 Permata centres to be set up throughout country

•Pre-school enrolment to be increased from 87 per cent by 2012 and to 92 per cent in 2015

•Entry age for schooling to be lowered from 6+ to 5+ in line with many developed countries

•RM400 million for Literacy and Numeracy Screening (LINUS) programme between 2010 to 2012 to ensure all students have basic literacy and numeracy skills after first three years of primary education

•Strengthen learning of Bahasa Malaysia and English

•Investments in school infrastructure and facilities especially for rural schools in Sabah and Sarawak

•RM140 million to develop 100 high performing schools by 2012

•RM160 million for reward programme between 2010 and 2012 for head teachers and principals

•Leadership training for 14,000 school officials every year by Institute Aminuddin Baki from current level of 8,000

VIBRANT LIVEABLE CITIES

•Making quality of life core of urban projects

•Planning communities and neighbourhoods

•Development to encourage living, working and leisure within same compact areas

•Focus on seamless public transport connectivity

•Pedestrian-friendly street network

•Open spaces and green corridors

•Restoration of rivers and waterfronts a priority in cities

•Enhance culture and arts scene

•Support for artists in form of creative grants/loans to create art enclave or perkampungan seni

•Encourage the hosting of international arts and cultural events

•Attract international talent to create, premiere, perform and exhibit in Kuala Lumpur

•Malaysia Truly Asia Centre to be developed as an iconic tourism destination to showcase Malaysian culture, art and heritage

RAKYAT-CENTRIC PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM

•Continued efforts to integrate transportation planning in local and national master plans

•Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system to be considered to link growth centres in the Iskandar region of Johor

•Government will review potential of expanding Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD) scope to Sabah and Sarawak pending successful implementation in peninsula

•Cashless ticketing system across all 16 public transport operators in Greater Kuala Lumpur

TRANSFORMING HEALTHCARE

•Health Ministry to enforce quality care in both public and private sectors

•Review of financing options to manage rising cost and ensure healthcare remains accessible and affordable

•197 new clinics costing RM637 million will be completed in first half of 10MP i.e. 156 clinics in rural areas and 41 community health clinic

•50 additional 1Malaysia clinics to be set up in urban poor and over underserved areas

•Four new and four replacements hospitals costing RM600 million will be completed in first two years of 10MP. They include National Cancer Institute and the Cheras Rehabilitation Centre

•Mapping of existing healthcare providers to identify gaps to streamline health service delivery

•Mobile clinics, flying doctor services and village health promoters to be expanded to remote areas

ACCESS TO QUALITY AND AFFORDABLE HOUSING

•161,00 new units of public housing

•Housing designs to incorporate Green Building design and technology

•78,000 units low-cost public housing units for qualified individuals of less than RM2,500 per month

•One federal agency responsible for federally-funded housing instead of several ministries and agencies

•RM500 million to set up Housing Maintenance Fund to assist residents of both public and private low-cost houses for major repair and maintenance based on 50-50 matching grants from residents

•Government to continue assistance to rehabilitate abandoned projects

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

•Federal government assumes full responsibility of solid waste management from local authorities

•Collection of household solid waste to be privatise to three concessionaires with contract negotiations expected to be completed by end 2010

•Other private operators to be licensed to operate solid waste management and public cleansing services

•Waste collection for households twice a week and daily for wet markets

•Existing 112 unsanitary landfills to be closed and rehabilitated, some to be upgraded to sanitary landfills

SAFER STREETS AND SAFER COMMUNITIES

•RM2.04 billion for programmes to encourage volunteerism to fight crime

•Reduce crime index by 5 per cent yearly 2015 to cut overall crime by a quarter

•Increase volunteer police by 5,000 by 2015

•RM2.4 billion to upgrade police stations, living quarters and improve career prospects to motivate police

•Improve effectiveness of treatment of drug addicts to reduce crimes driven by drug abuse

•RM120 million to support Skim Rondaan Sukarela under Rukun Tetangga

•Expand Rakan Cop scheme for citizens to report crimes or suspicious behaviour via SMS

•RM150 million allocated for Safe Cities Programme

VALUING THE ENVIRONMENT

•Renewable energy target of 98MW by 2015 to contribute 5.5 per cent to total electricity generation

•Phasing out incandescent light bulbs by 2014 to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 732,000 tonnes and reducing energy usage of 1,074 gigawatts a year

•States encouraged to gazette forests especially water catchment areas

•More trees to be planted with non-government organisations

•Step up implementation of Clean Air Action Plan

•Implement Central Forest Spine of 4.32 million hectares in Peninsular Malaysia and Heart of Borneo of 6 million hectares in Sabah and Sarawak

•National Tiger Conservation Action Plan to be implemented to increase protection and increase tiger population. — Bernama